This book introduces
a new kind of social inquiry centred in the exploration of the
self-organizing nature of human dynamics. The unfolding of each
individual life is driven by an inherent urge towards
self-finding, self-realization and self-fulfilment. By studying the
this urge is manifest: its origin and characteristics, its stimulators
and impediments, catalysts and inhibitors, factors which support,
sustain, impede, or block its inward and outward realizations, we are
able to understand human society in a much deeper way than if we
continue to study it as an object of research separated from the unique
and fathomless richness of individual dynamics.
premise of Study of Self-organization in
Dynamics: A New Kind of Social
Science reflects the core idea of
Wolframs A New Kind of Science (Wolfram,
2002): what goes on inside us can ultimately achieve the same level of
computational sophistication as our whole universe. By projecting this
idea on the study of individual and social dynamics, our research
develops it further while bringing forth whole new discoveries.
dynamics energize ones search for truth, enlightenment and wisdom, ones
creative insights, endeavours and actions. This kind of dynamics has no
pre-imposed constrains on its inherent capacity to self-organize,
evolve, and transform. It is the individual alone who chooses to
stimulate or obstruct their unfolding. If not obstructed, individual
dynamics can become as complex - interconnected, holistic, harmonious -
as universal dynamics. This is possible because each individual is an
embodiment of the same forces and energies which sustain the whole
universe. Individual dynamics express the universal wholeness; they are
imbedded in it, centred in its centre and driven by its dynamics.
does not select one set of forces and energies for humans and another
for the rest of the universe. As Heisenberg pointed out, the same
universal forces and energies are responsible for the existence of
single entity in nature; individuals are bearers of their limitless
potential (Heisenberg, 1971).
presents three major research findings:
(1)The Individual is capable to
comprehend the Social and achieve
of the Universal.
(2) The Universal needs the
Individual in order to realize itself.
(3) The Social can neither
the Individual nor achieve complexity of
level of an individual, people are able to develop and sharpen their
awareness, so as to consciously facilitate the realization of the Universal through the unfolding of their lives. As it is shown in this
book, society is unable to do this.
Control and Lack of Authenticity in Society
been always dominated and controlled by powerful cliques of different
origin - religious, military, economical, political. Through permanent
suppression of peoples actions against their hegemony, these cliques
have irreversibly distorted the impetus for self-organization of social
dynamics an impetus that can be sustained only in societies where people
are equally empowered to seek their
self-realizations. In the whole history of humankind, there have never
been social conditions in favour of peoples equal empowerment. There
always been an unsurpassable gap between a handful of richest and most
powerful social players the elite, and the vast majority of people who
have been economically enslaved: destined to work all their lives in
order to etch out a living while supporting the superior life style of
the will to power has its roots in individual nature, it needs a social
environment group, organization, community, society, humanity in order
to fully manifest its oppressive character (Nietzsche, 1987). Normally,
at the level of an individual, one respects and cares for oneself.
is no reason to exercise ones will to power for self-destruction, on
contrary - one tries to use it constructively: to live in a wholesome
way, to grow in intelligence, and so forth (Dimitrov, 2001a). When the
will to power is directed towards others (and this is what happens in
society), it is hard to stop its destructive manifestations. Millions
individuals (whose names are not known worldwide like the names of
Mahatma Ghandi and Martin Luther King) were extinguished because they
tried to do the impossible: to help society use the will to power
- not for further empowerment of those who already have power in
abundance, but for helping those who are powerless in society.
beginning of 2003 there were millions of people who protested worldwide
against the war in Iraq, and yet the US war machine was set in motion
killing many innocent people. Millions of people protest worldwide
against the establishment of a global economic empire, and yet the
process of economic globalization continues with ever-accelerated tempo
fostering global injustice, cultural and political discrimination,
oppression and wars. Millions of people try to stop the environmental
degradation, and yet the biggest industrial and military corporations
continue to operate in full capacities and thus to irreversibly destroy
the ecological balance of the planet.
works only with authentic dynamics. Unfortunately, social dynamics are
not authentic: the unequal distribution of power in society, together
with the suppression and fear it causes, impede the authentic
of human dynamics. People are forced to play games, pretend, exhibit
vanity and pride, reputation and fame, ambition and honour; all these
qualities inevitably require the social arena to express and gratify
themselves. At the level of an individual, these qualities are no
needed and therefore, it is not too hard for an individual to behave
authentically; when communing with oneself, one is able to genuinely
express ones thoughts and feelings, honestly reflect upon ones
experience, and see oneself as s/he is -
with no masks to carry and roles to play.
needs to be aware of the obstructions which society tries to create on
individuals understanding of social reality; all kinds of manipulation,
propaganda and brainwashing bombard our minds, obscure our
consciousness, and weaken our ability to navigate through social
complexity. When aware of this, one is able to protect oneself - to
activate tools for minimizing the effects of the destructive social
Deprived of Ability to Acquire Wisdom
The efficiency of individual protection depends on
the degree of development of ones ability to implode to reflect upon
oneself, concentrate on ones experience, master ones will power,
strengthen ones intuition, and raise the potential of ones creativity.
The ability for implosion is sine qua non
for ones growth in intelligence. Moreover, any process of growth in
nature happens from within the living entity and therefore, needs to be
preceded by some kind of implosion: drawing energy inwards. In the
realms of plants and animals the implosion is guided by nature, while
humans it needs to be guided consciously; a consciously guided
makes it possible for us to learn from our mistakes, transform our
failures into lessons, and thus grow in wisdom.
is deprived of ability to implode, to silently concentrate inwards,
contemplate, relax and meditate; social dynamics are destined to be
expressed only outwards. Society is a
product of outwardly directed (explosive, dissipative) activities of
members. Because of this, social dynamics inevitably dissipate. Every
civilization in human history ended with self-destruction. It is not
hard to see the symptoms, both social and ecological, of an intensive
and irreversible self-destruction of todays developed Western models of
can grow in size, generate complicated social structures, produce
scientific, technological and cultural miracles, but with no capacity
implode, it can never become wise. Wars and bloodsheds
accompany the whole history of human society; there are present-day
also - wars with much graver consequences than before. Todays
of tools for killing people and destroying nature has achieved far more
advanced levels of technological sophistication and efficiency than
ever before. Oppression and exploitation accompanied the history of
human society; oppression and exploitation continue to destroy human
lives our days also. The unscrupulous forcing of society into a global
economic order aims at turning the largest part of humanity into
economic slaves (Dimitrov, 2001).
no ability for implosion, self-reflection and learning from its own
mistakes and failures, society is open for manipulation and deception.
Mighty propaganda machines installed by the servants of the social
permanently mix truth with lies and thus distort our perception of
society and its dynamics. When dissolved in lies, truth can never be
discovered. Therefore the study of society (as an object of research
separated from the exploration in depth of the innermost dynamics of
those involved in the research) cannot reveal its true picture, no
matter how honest the intentions of the researchers are. So efficient
the work of the machines for delusion and brainwashing in the countries
with Western type of democracy, that they have even made the majority
people believe that they are free, that their votes matter, and that
those who rule the system listen to their needs. None are so helplessly
enslaved than those who falsely believe they are free said Goethe
two hundreds years ago and his words reflect precisely the present
situation of the largest part of the people in capitalist societies.
Custodian and Executor of Self-organizing Drive of Universe
the individual who is custodian and executor of the self-organizing
drive of universe, and not society. The individual has heart, will and
intelligence; society has neither. For an individual it is possible to
learn from his or her mistakes and experiences, and to become wise; for
society this is impossible. A high level awareness is needed in order
for an individual to discriminate between lies and truth, and steadily
pursue understanding and wisdom. By harnessing the power of will, one
capable to reach such level of awareness, while society can never do
this. Lack of capacity for implosion, combined with an ever-growing
power differential and spreading delusion and trivia by the mass media,
creates irremovable obstacles for society to develop a common awareness
and exert coherent actions.
from history, if some individuals wholeheartedly persist in sowing
and wisdom, society condemns them to the stake, crucifies, stabs them
the back, or guns them down. And yet, this does not stop our urge to
pursue wisdom. When society suppresses the external (social)
realizations of this urge, it moves inward to facilitate the opening of
the inner eye - the ability to penetrate into the complex and enigmatic
essence of human nature. Individuals, who succeed in grasping this
essence, acquire an understanding of social dynamics as well, because
the essence of ones own inner nature mirrors the essence of the whole
web of life at every level of its manifestation, be it individual,
social, or universal.
social researchers, to centre their research in the self-organization
individual dynamics means to dive deeply into the space defined by
own experiences and derive meanings and insights out of it. The
meanings and insights reflect both the external influences coming from
society and the internal influences brought about by ones mind and
soul. Therefore, by exploring the space of their own experiences,
researchers gain knowledge about society and themselves at once - about
the limits, which society imposes on the researchers efforts to pursue
truth and wisdom, and about the freedom they have within themselves to
reveal and realize ways for transcending these limits.
endeavouring to understand the meanings of the events they experience
in their lives not as isolated phenomena but as closely related,
connected and dependent on one another existential events, are
researchers into A New Kind of Social Science (NKSS). And every human being, whose life experience
resonates with the life experiences of NKSS researchers, is a unique
source of new findings and discoveries.
clear that the deeper ones understanding of her or his own experience,
the better s/he understands the experiences of others. This eventually
leads to a greater ability to express empathy, compassion, and support
towards those who are oppressed in society. In
this way, the researchers in NKSS acts as catalysts for practical
aimed at mutual understanding and support.
book elicits human dimensions of A New Kind of Science originated by Wolfram and is centred in the discoveries he
made when studying dynamic interactions of cellular automata. Simple
rule of interaction of these automata produce extremely sophisticated
patterns of complex interconnectedness, and in a similar way, simple
rules of interaction of individuals produce extremely sophisticated
patterns of social behaviour. The interactive effects of only three groups of forces energizing human dynamics explosive forces
manifested through the infinite spectrum of outwardly expressed
(interpersonal) individual realizations, implosive forces responsible
for inwardly expressed (intrapersonal) individual realizations, and
harmonizing forces aimed at balancing the effects of the above two
groups propel social complexity as reflected in the ever-changing
kaleidoscope of social events and processes.
Uniqueness of Individual Dynamics
aware that society cannot grow in consciousness, we understand the
importance of our own efforts to advance on the way to wisdom a way
which one creates by oneself when walking on it.There is no
social structure for the individual to rely upon when walking on this
way; one alone is responsible for every single step - for every single
thought, word and action. Society provides the common ground where one
can consciously test ones ability to deal with emergent difficulties
specially created obstacles, to learn from failures and successes, to
help those who are victims of social injustice and oppression, to
express tolerance, compassion, solidarity and love.
explains that the level of integrity and harmony of individual dynamics
tends towards the level of integrity and harmony of the universe.
Society does not exhibit such tendency, and yet, even if we know about
this, and when we know about this, and because we know about this, we
continue to fight for justice in society and die, as the millions
us who endeavoured to make it better. One cannot live contentedly when
so many suffer in the world: it appears that humankind is an
whole imbedded in the wholeness of existence.
phenomenon of computational irreducibility in Wolframs New Kind of
Science reflects the fundamental boundaries
science and knowing to explain every dynamic entity and process in the
universe. As shown in the research of social fuzziology - the study of
fuzziness of human knowing, fuzziness can never be eliminated from our
understanding and experience of reality. It can
only move from one level to another, where the levels of fuzziness
correspond to the levels of our capacity for understanding and
development (growth) of our consciousness (Dimitrov, 2000; Dimitrov and
Hodge, 2002; Dimitrov, 2003).
that the fuzziness has moved to another level means that the process of
our understanding has moved to another level also, and what was fuzzy
and incomprehensible for the mind at the level, from where the
has pulled itself, has become clear and comprehensible. Of course, this
does not mean that there is no more fuzziness in our understanding,
we have won the battle with the fuzziness and succeeded to extinguish
it once and for all.
is still 'alive' on each new level - full of vigour and potential to
become denser and to expand wider. One can call the new level 'higher'
or 'deeper', it does not matter; what matters is that one's
understanding has become deeper, that one's consciousness has been
expanded, that the limitations which fuzziness used to impose on the
process of thinking at one level of one's understanding have been
transcended. The inquiring mind will soon encounter the limitations
fuzziness brings with it to the new level of its evolving dynamics;
these limitations challenge the human mind to explore it further and
make it move again.
research into the self-organizing nature of human dynamics confirms
Wolframs inference that there can be no abstract basic study of these
dynamics. Something irreducible has been achieved in the process of
evolution of the human species: a fundamental uniqueness of expression
of the universe through each individual uniqueness that is sine qua
non for the immortality of the human kind.
author expresses gratitude to Prof. Bob Hodge for the inspiring
discussions and assistance in writing the first and fourth chapters.
V. (2000) Fuzziology: Applications for Studying Complexity of
Existential Dynamics, Internet publications:http://www.zulenet.com/VladimirDimitrov/pages/fuzzycomplex.html
Dimitrov, V. (2001)
Fuzziology in search for Insights for Dealing with Global Economy, Internet
(2001a) Bridging Complexity and Ecology: An Outline of Health Ecology, Complex
Systems, 2001, vol. 13, No 4
Dimitrov, V. and
Hodge, B. (2002) Social Fuzziology,
Heidelberg and New York: Physica Verlag.
Dimitrov, V. (2003)
Fuzziology: A Study of Fuzziness of Human Knowing and Being, Kybernetes:
International Journal of Systems & Cybernetics, 32, 4
(1971) Physics and Beyond: Encounters and Conversations, NY: Harper and Row.
Nietzche, F. (1987)
The Will to Power, Random House
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New Kind of Science, Wolfram Media Inc.
University of Western Sydney